Explaining change and stability with Multiple Streams Framework (MSF) in the Netherlands and Germany during the 2015 refugee crisis

May 2015 University of Leiden Lucia Overpelt English

This research investigates the ability of the Multiple Streams Framework (MSF) to explain the development of different refugee policy approaches of the Netherlands and Germany during the 2015 refugee crisis. This framework explains that abrupt change occurs when a problem, policy and political streams are coupled at a window of opportunity. When both countries were targeted by a high influx of refugees in 2015, the German government adopted a more welcoming approach, whilst the Dutch government maintained a restrictive approach. By comparing change to non – change windows, this research aims to strengthen the explanatory power of the MSF through a chronologicalreconstruction of events. The research concludes that even though the policy approaches developed into different directions and under different circumstances, the MSF disregards the same contextual and institutional factors to accurately describe this difference.

 

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Explaining change and stability with Multiple Streams Framework (MSF) in the Netherlands and Germany during the 2015 refugee crisis