Research

An overview of research projects of the Sen Foundation.

Recent Publications

  • Alleviation of Poverty
    • Milleniumdoel 2: Alle kinderen naar school

      May 2016Sen FoundationJacintha van der Plas, Msc.Dutch

      Zo luidt Millenniumdoel 2, opgesteld in de Millenniumverklaring van 2000, om wereldwijd voor 2015 de grote problemen op het gebied van onderwijs aan te pakken (NCDO, www.NCDO.nl). In ontwikkelingslanden gaan miljoenen kinderen niet naar school. Zij worden thuis gehouden om een bijdrage te leveren aan het gezinsinkomen en het huishouden. Verplicht en toegankelijk basisonderwijs is een belangrijk middel in de strijd tegen armoede. Onderwijs geeft kinderen kennis en hiermee de kans zich verder te ontwikkelen. Zo krijgen zij meer kansen voor de toekomst.

      Download Article
      Alle kinderen naar school - Millenniumdoel 2
    • Best practices to promote sexual and reproductive health and rights.

      December 2016The Hague University of Applied SciencesLucie KranefeldEnglish

      This research analyses possible approaches for the promotion of sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) in weak states with high natality and severe poverty, such as Niger. Which course of action is the most effective in encouraging sustainable population growth.

      Download Article
      Best practices to promote sexual and reproductive health and rights.
    More Articles
  • Climate and Ecology
    • Plastic soep

      January 2014Sen FoundationJacintha van der Plas, Msc.Dutch

      Oceanograaf Charles Moore voer in 1997 met zijn catamaran van Hawaï naar Californië via de golfstroom van de Grote Oceaan. Dit gedeelte van de Grote Oceaan is relatief windstil en wordt daarom door de meeste zeilers gemeden. Moore ontdekt in het oostelijk deel van de golfstroom een fenomeen dat later de naam ‘Great Pacific Garbage Patch’1 zou krijgen, ofwel ‘plastic soep’. Wat hij zag was een enorme hoeveelheid drijvend afval, veelal plastic. In het gebied bleek een enorme plastic soep te drijven, samengesteld uit allerlei soorten afval: visnetten, petflessen, flessendopjes, tandenborstels en ook minuscuul kleine plastic deeltjes die hem, ironisch genoeg, aan minestronesoep deden denken.

      Download Article
      Plastic Soep
    • Algae Farming

      April 2013Sen FoundationTamás JuracsekEnglish

      Algae is not yet a well-known source for the needs of humans. In the last decades however, increasing numbers of people see the advantages of this very versatile organism. Scientists across the world are trying to develop different techniques to use algae for food, fodder, medicine, bio fuel or environmental purification. How can algae help solve the water and food shortage especially in the poorer countries?

      Download Article
      Algae Farming by Tamas Juracsek
    More Articles
  • Economy and Finances
    • Lessons from Ukraine

      January 2017University of LeidenBarboutev, I.K.English

      This study aims to examine the impact of IMF programs in Ukraine during the period between 1994 and 2002. Many questions have been raised about the effectiveness of IMF-backed adjustment programs. Some Ukrainian politicians and academics have been eager to blame the Fund for Ukraine’s transition woes. Actually, the IMF helped Ukraine to limit its severe economic trouble.

      Download Article
      Lessons from Ukraine
    • Oil Smuggling and the Greek Crisis

      August 2014Bridging EuropeVasileios P. KarakasisEnglish

      The report describes how the fuel market works in Greece. It pays special attention to oil smuggling that has become dominant in the Greek economy. The report concludes with measures that should be taken to improve the income of Greece.

      Download Article
      Oil Smuggling and the Greek Crisis
    More Articles
  • Migration and Integration
    • Right-wing populism in Dutch border areas

      May 2018University of LeidenJavid IbadEnglish

      In the last decades, Europe was experiencing a considerable increase of right-wing populist parties. The maps of the electoral results show an intriguing puzzle. Radical right parties were more successful at the border constituencies

      Download Article
      Right-wing populism support in the Dutch national borders by Javid Ibad
    • Explaining Germany’s refugee policy change in 2015 in comparison with the Netherlands

      April 2017University of LeidenKathinka Luisa GaessEnglish

      This research explores the extent to which Kingdon’s Multiple Streams Framework (MSF) explains the difference in the asylum policy approaches of Germany and the Netherlands during 2015. Both countries had been conducting restrictive asylum policies during the past 20 years. However, in 2015, at the peak of the European refugee crisis, Germany abruptly transformed its approach to refugees into an open-door policy while the Netherlands continued with its restrictive approach. This led to a remarkable difference in the number of asylum seekers both countries received in 2015; a divergence which served as a point of departure for this research. This paper mainly focuses on the case study of Germany’s asylum policy.

      Download Article
      Explaining Germany’s refugee policy change in 2015
    More Articles
  • Other
    • De effecten van directe democratie – Een analyse van twee nationale referenda in Nederland

      July 2016University of LeidenMerle PrastDutch

      In western democracies there are signs of a democratic recession, there is a decline in political participation levels, and there is little trust in governing institutions. In response, a popular remedy that is often proposed by scholars and politicians is direct democracy. As direct democracy allows citizens to directly vote on questions, it is argued that it has the potential to increase the political participation of citizens and decrease political dissatisfaction. The goal of this thesis is to research whether these claimed effects about direct democracy are observed when analysing two national referenda in the Netherlands.

      Download Article
      De effecten van directe democratie - Een analyse van twee nationale referenda in Nederland
    • The Singaporean Development Model

      2014Sen FoundationVictor MaertensEnglish

      Singapore gained full independence in 1965. This young state propelled itself from a considerably poor state with few natural resources into one of the most efficient and rich states on the globe. A centre of industry and education, Singapore can be seen by many as a role model for development. Can Singapore’s success be replicated elsewhere and be used as a new framework for developing countries to employ?

      Download Article
      The Singaporean Development Model
    More Articles
  • Peacebuilding and Conflict Prevention
    • Building Peace

      English

      This file contains the content from the Building Peace Symposium.

      Download Article
      Building Peace

    • The UN Stand-by High Readiness Brigade

      June 2017 University of AmsterdamBjörn Stenholm Dutch and German

      De UN Stand-by High-Readiness Brigade [SHIRBRIG] was een initiatief van Denemarken in 1995 en had ten doel om parate slagkracht te creëren ten bate van Peace Keeping operaties van de Verenigde Naties. De voornaamste aanleiding tot de oprichting van SHIRBRIG was de genocide in Rwanda in 1994. Als permanente standplaats voor een hoofdkwartier wees men de 30 kilometer ten Noorden van Kopenhagen gelegen Garder-kazerne te Høvelte aan. 

      Download Article
      The UN Stand-by High Readiness Brigade
    More Articles
  • Security
    • Kleine Wapens: bestaand beleid en kansen voor ontwikkeling

      Sen FoundationDutch

      Er vallen ongeveer 500.000 doden per jaar als gevolg van de wijdverspreide beschikbaarheid van SALW (Small Arms and Light Weapons). Hoewel ze groot zijn, zijn de gevolgen van wapenbezit en handel in westerse landen als Nederland, de VS en Zwitserland niet zo breed als in conflictgebieden: “An estimated 300,000 intentional firearms deaths occur annually from armed conflict. Another 200,000 people are killed in countries that are ‘peaceful’. Millions more suffer lifethreatening injury. Less developed countries generally face higher rates of firearms homicide, while developed countries grapple more with firearm suicides.” (Small Arms Survey, 2001: Executive Summary: Ch 6). Er zijn dus veel onnodige doden die voorkomen kunnen worden door wapenwetgeving en veiligheidsmaatregelen aan te scherpen. Maar wapens worden ook gebruikt met niet dodelijke gevolgen zoals verwonding of brengen sociale schade toe door bedreiging, afpersing en andere vormen van corruptie.

      Download Article
      Kleine Wapens Beleid
    • Jihadisme in Noordelijk Afrika

      2012Sen Foundation and Nederlandse Defensie AcademieSoumia Ait-Hida, Theo BrinkelDutch

      Sinds de jaren negentig zijn op veel plaatsen in de wereld jihadistische terroristische organisaties actief. Zoals bijvoorbeeld in Afghanistan, Irak, Indonesië en Somalië. Niet alleen ver weg, ook in het meer nabije Noord Afrika baart een terroristische organisatie die zichzelf noemt “Al-Qaida in de Islamitische Maghreb” (AQIM), de nodige zorgen. En in het olierijke Nigeria, een dichtbevolkt land op de scheidslijn tussen islam en christendom, lijkt de ideologie van al-Qaida in opkomst met het optreden van de terroristische organisatie “Boko Haram”, die alles wat westers is verwerpelijk vindt.

      De voorliggende rapportage bevat de tweede druk van een analyse van twee jihadistische extremistische organisaties en bewegingen in Noordelijk Afrika. De voorbeelden – AQIM en Boko Haram – zijn genomen uit de landen van de Maghreb, de Sahel en het grensgebied tussen islam en christendom.

      Download Article
      Jihadisme in Noordelijk Afrika
    More Articles
  • Speeches and (Media) Articles
    • Speech on the Role of Peace in Advancing Achievement of SDGs

      Joris VoorhoeveEnglish

      Considering the above context, the International Institute of Governance & Leadership, organized the 2nd Global Governance & Leadership Forum in India on 10th September 2018 at Hotel Taj Mahal Palace, Colaba Mumbai. The theme of the Forum was appropriately chosen to be the ‘Challenges in Global Governance – Collective Governance of the Planet’. Here, our Director and Former Defence Minister of Netherlands & Member of the Global Board of IIGL,  Joris Voorhoeve, being an expert on Peace, as he was co-chair of global partnership for the prevention of armed conflict, which is a ‘UN Peace Keeping’ initiative, shared his thoughts on the ‘Role of Peace in advancing achievement of SDGs’.

      Download Article
      Speech on the Role of Peace in Advancing Achievement of SDGs - Joris Voorhoeve
    • Insecurity and Common Interests in Security

      March 2016OSCEJoris VoorhoeveEnglish

      Much of what is wrong in our world has a common cause: the abuse of political, economic, military and media power. Full rule of law curbs the perennial inclination of the powerful to abuse the powers entrusted to them. Are governments seeking to serve the well-being of their citizens, or are government leaders seeking less elevated personal goals? Do they restrict or eliminate their critics, upset the international status quo, change borders, or create confrontation, encouraging nationalism to solidify popular support in the short run? The latter approach fuels military expenditure and conflict and harms the long-term interests of countless people.

      Download Article
      Insecurity and Common Interests in Security
    More Articles

Books

Click here to see all the books

  • Veilige Gebieden (Safe Areas)

    July 1, 2015 Joris Voorhoeve

    In 1995, the enclave of Srebrenica, which the UN declared to be a ‘safe area’ during the war in the former Yugoslavia, was overrun by Serb troops. Srebrenica counted about 40.000 Bosnians. The UN Blue Helmets from the Netherlands who had been stationed there were unable to defend the area. The aggressors, commanded by General Ratko Mladic, killed many thousands of Bosnian men. About 7500 persons are still missing. Many of them were found dead in mass graves in the following years.

    How could this atrocity have been prevented? What was the role of the Netherlands Blue Helmets, the UN and the allies? This mass murder gives rise to many questions.  In this book, Joris Voorhoeve added new material to the many existing studies. The book also investigated fourteen other cases of very vulnerable concentrations of civilians and refugees who faced serious risks of mass murder in different countries and regions.

    The purpose of the book is to help design better ‘safe area’ policies of the UN, based on the failures of the past. The book draws fifty important policy conclusions to that end. The author, who served in the Netherlands Cabinet at the time, concludes that timely use of air power is the crucial means to save such population groups. His hypothesis is, that in the case of Srebrenica the UN Secretary-General was unwilling to keep promises to the Netherlands Government that adequate air power would assist the lightly armed and small group of peacekeepers, was a crucial omission. Also, Britain and France had agreed with the US not to apply air power against the Serb military at that time. The enclave fell due to lack of support.

    The contents of this book were the subject of an hour-long prime-time television documentary in 2015. This was followed by an official investigation, ordered by the Netherlands Cabinet, into the policies of the three allies. Unwillingness to share intelligence files of that time led to an inconclusive debate, which cast doubt on the assumption that lack of air power was crucial. The author maintains this assumption, however.
    The book can be purchased here.

    Amsterdam: Atlas-Contact, 424 pages, price: € 21,99

  • Negen plagen tegelijk

    October 2, 2013 Joris Voorhoeve

    How can we survive the future if climate change, civil wars and conflict over resources increase the tensions in the world? One out of seven persons is suffering from hunger. Meanwhile, the world population is growing. The interdependency between the growing consumption of the rich and poverty and corrupt administrations in third world countries, as well as the spread of weapons and new diseases will become disastrous if policies don’t improve. In Negen Plagen Tegelijk, Joris Voorhoeve explains what citizens can do and how the Netherlands might be able to contribute. He also describes how the European Union and the UN can approach major challenges. Stories of people who fight for better policies show that inspiring persons can make a big difference. They encourage the reader to confront the threats and challenges of the 21st century.

    The Dutch version of the book, Negen Plagen, can be found here:
    Negen plagen tegelijk – Joris Voorhoeve